How to approach the question CHAOS .

What should be approach for the question CHAOS

``        https://www.codechef.com/EXTE2015/problems/CHAOS``
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N = 14 M = 2

_ _ X1 _ _ _ X2 _ _ X3 _ _

here Xi denotes chaotic cities.

let C denotes no of cities between particular consecutive chaotic city.
The order in which cities become chaotic range from 1 to N-M
thus we have to find no of ways of selecting C orders out of N-M = combination(N-M,C);
once order has been selected ,cities present on these order will permute among them self.
e.g. there are 3 cities between X1 & X2 let we numbered it as 1,2 & 3.
no of ways of arrangement are:(because of constraint of chaosing)
1 2 3

1 3 2

3 1 2

3 2 1

= 4

we can find for any n consecutive as:
2^(n-1) //22…*(no of candidate for ith position of selected order ) *2…*1

thus number of ways of order cities between Xi & Xi+1 = comb(N-M,C) * 2^(C-1)

after set,no of available orders are :N-M-C

do this for all cities between consecutive chaotic cities and multiply them.
find no of ways of order cities§ before 1st chaotic city as:comb(remaining orders,p) and multiply it.
after multiplication you will get answer.

feel free to ask any question:)

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crystal clear explanation !! thanks buddy

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